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Glaucoma is one of the most common and most debilitating eye disease affecting Americans today. It usually comes on slowly and painlessly, but can leave the patient completely blind if untreated.

Types of Glaucoma

There are several types of glaucoma. The vast majority is of a chronic nature affecting the optic nerve. The most common is primary open-angle glaucoma, in which the eye’s fluid filter gradually fails, slowing the flow of fluid from the eye.

The fluid (called the aqueous humor) builds up, increasing intraocular pressure, which in turn damages the tissue of the optic nerve.

Another common type of glaucoma is closed-angle glaucoma. This disease results in a narrowing of the angle between the sclera and the iris, which also results in increased intraocular pressure and damage to the optic nerve. Other types of glaucoma include pigmentary glaucoma and low-tension glaucoma.

Our San Antonio, Texas eye doctors will diagnose the type of glaucoma a patient has and will provide the proper eye care solution to treat the disease.

Treating Glaucoma

Though there is no cure for glaucoma, our ophthalmologists can treat it. Numerous medications have been developed that can help combat the disease.

Most of these lower a patient’s intraocular pressure, either by promoting the flow of fluid out of the eye or inhibiting fluid production.

In addition, there are several surgical procedures that can be used to relieve intraocular pressure associated with glaucoma. Our glaucoma surgeons may employ both laser and traditional methods to adjust the flow of fluid within the eye.

While glaucoma can be serious, seeking treatment from a qualified doctor can help protect your sight. Dr. Lisa Martén can advise you of your options and allow you to make the best choice for your vision.

Schedule a Glaucoma Screening

To learn more about glaucoma or to schedule a glaucoma screening or other eye examination, contact South Texas Eye Institute today.

Whether you are suffering from glaucoma, cataracts, diabetic retinopathy, or any refractive errors, our skilled board-certified ophthalmologist will be happy to answer your questions and can advise you of your options, allowing you to make the best choice for your vision.